Publisher’s Note: The National Federation of State High School Associations is the only source of official high school interpretations. They do not set aside nor modify any rule. They are made and published by the NFHS in response to situations presented.
Dr. Karissa L. Niehoff, Publisher, NFHS Publications © 2018
RULE INTERPRETATION: Clarification Regarding The Composition Deduction For Repeating Dance Elements (Leaps and Jumps).
More than two dance elements of the same shape with or without a twist will receive a 0.1 deduction each time. There is no restriction that this deduction is only taken for tuck/wolf/straddle jumps. The shape of a skill is determined by the finish position of the legs. In other words a switch leg leap finishes in the split leap position. A straddle jump ends in a straddle shape. A wolf jump ends in a wolf shape.
RULE INTERPRETATION: Clarification Regarding Advanced High Superiors That Exceed The Required Twist:
An AHS that exceeds the required twist receives AHS credit (Page 79 and 101). When awarding AHS in the Bonus category performing the same AHS a second time with an additional twist does not necessarily make it different from the listed AHS that was performed first. The Note on pages 61 and 86 under Section 5 Difficulty states a 1/4 turn does not make an element different unless it is listed separately in the rules book.
There is one exception to the Note on Balance Beam only: AHS leaps and jumps listed in the rules book with a ½ or ¾ twist may be considered different in the Bonus category when an additional ¼ twist is added.
All other AHS elements listed in the rules book with a 1/1, 1 ½, or 2/1 twist or more must add a minimum ½ twist to the listed AHS to be considered different. Adding a ¼ twist may be awarded an AHS in Difficulty but will not make the element different when awarding AHS’s in the Bonus category.
RULE INTERPRETATION: Clarification Regarding Awarding Value Part Credit For Kips Used As Mounts and Kips In The Body of a Routine:
Box 1.101 on page 34 clarifies that a kip is performed as a mount is considered different from a long hand kip within the routine. All kips whether on the low bar or high bar are listed under Group 1 mounts. Because of space limitations within the book, the committee decided to put all kips in Group 1 when the book was recodified. In other words, a glide kip is one skill valued at a medium. A long hand kip (S) is considered a different skill and it could be repeated a second time and receive Value Part Credit. So a routine with a glide kip mount and two long hang kips would receive Value Part Credit for all three elements because kips used as mounts are different from kips within an exercise.
RULES BOOK CORRECTIONS: Page 32, 7-4 NOTE: The angle of the lowest body part shall be used to determine amplitude deductions for the following figures: a through e; Page 46, 7-6-7: Clear Straddle Circles/Stalder Circles; Page 54, Rule 7: Clear Straddle Circles/Stalder Circles; Page 64, 8-6-1: 1.107 illustration box should be shaded as new.
SITUATION 1: A gymnast falls on the runway, gets up, and continues to successfully perform her first vault. The judges score the vault and deduct 0.5 for the fall on the runway. RULING: Incorrect procedure. COMMENT: Following a fall on the runway, the gymnast may continue from the fall to perform her vault receiving no fall deduction. If she chooses to return to the end of the runway to begin again, it would be her second attempt and her first attempt would be assessed as a balk. (6-2-5)
SITUATION 2: A coach facilitates a gymnast in the second flight phase of a round-off on – repulsion off vault. The judges score the vault and take a spotting deduction of 1.0. RULING: Incorrect procedure. COMMENT: The only vaults that are not void when facilitated are a handspring and any vault with a salto in the second flight phase. Other vaults that are facilitated are void. [6-2-6c(5)]
SITUATION 3: In an attempt to mount the beam, the gymnast runs, stops on the board, returns to her starting position and attempts to mount a second time. The judges take a 0.5 deduction for a fall. RULING: Correct procedure. COMMENT: On bars and beam, if a gymnast contacts the board or apparatus without mounting, it is considered a fall and not a balk as in vault. (8-2-6)
SITUATION 4: A gymnast performs an element that varies slightly from the illustration shown in the rules book. The judges do not award credit due to the discrepancy between the performed element and the illustration. RULING: Incorrect procedure. COMMENT: The written description always takes precedence when evaluating elements. The illustration is used as an aid only to assist in the understanding of an element.
SITUATION 5: A gymnast includes eight elements in her bar routine, two of which are long hang kips. The judges deduct 0.1 for using the same Value Part twice to fulfill difficulty. RULING: Correct procedure. COMMENT: Only when a gymnast needs a second identical element to fulfill the difficulty category is an 0.1 deduction taken. If the gymnast’s routine consists of more than eight elements, which is the number required to fulfill difficulty, and the duplicate is in addition to the required eight elements of difficulty, this deduction is not taken. (7-3-3)